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What is Osteoarthritis: Factors & Symptoms

What is Osteoarthritis: Factors & Symptoms

Do you know 251 million people worldwide suffer from osteoarthritis? And in these, 1 in 3 people are over 65 years old.

Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis. It is the chronic condition of joint disease in which the cartilage that cushions the end of bone starts to wear down and causes the bones to rub against each other, leading to stiffness and pain. It may affect the joints at whole body including the neck, elbows, hips, knees, fingers, feet, and lower spine region (lower back).




Several reasons involved that contribute to the development of osteoarthritis.

old-man Age

Risk of developing the condition increases as one gets older, especially when aged over 50 years



It is more common in women than men

carry-heavy-things Career needs

Occupation that requires movements that make cartilage wears away quickly such as heavy lifting, bending, kneeling or squatting

obesity Overweight/Obesity

Extra weight puts additional pressure on joints, particularly those bear most body weight, the hips and knees

joint-injury Joint injury

Repeatedly damage joints or overusing not completely healed joints can lead to the condition

genetic Genetic predisposition

Various genetic traits can cause one to suffer from the condition. It may be due to lack of collagen production or cartilage wears off fast because bones fit together.


Signs & Symptoms

arthritis-symptoms Neck

  • Stiffness when turning head
  • Neck pain after sleeping
  • Muscle spasms in the neck


  • Pain between forearm and shoulder
  • Difficulty straightening the arms
  • Pain when carrying heavy objects


  • Difficulty moving hip joints
  • Heightened pain when walk
  • Pain in the groin (between stomach & thigh) area


  • Painful when walk
  • Difficulty in walking up stairs
  • Difficulty putting weight on the joint


  • Stiff, swollen and painful
  • Bumps in joints
  • Difficulty performing manual tasks


  • Swollen in big toe joint
  • Tenderness in feet or ankles area
  • Reduced ability to bear weight

Lower back

  • Pain when bending or lifting
  • Pain in hips and legs
  • Stiffness after exercise




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